What is nail psoriasis caused by?
Psoriasis of the nails is caused by the same autoimmune mechanisms as psoriasis of the skin. For reasons not entirely clear, the immune system will inexplicably regard normal tissues as harmful and launch an immune assault. Although the skin is the primary target, other tissues are affected as well.
How do you get rid of nail psoriasis?
The treatments for nail psoriasis include:
- Phototherapy. Ultraviolet light is used to treat skin psoriasis and may also be useful in nail psoriasis. …
- Medicines that work throughout your body. …
- Drugs that target specific parts of your immune system. …
- Medicine you apply directly to your nails.
Is nail psoriasis serious?
Nail psoriasis does not always cause physical pain, but some people may find it unsightly, and it can cause embarrassment. Treatment can prevent it from worsening. Treatments include: topical medicines, such as creams applied directly to the nails.
Does nail psoriasis go away on its own?
Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition that is not curable and it will not go away on its own. However, the disease fluctuates and many people can have clear skin for years at a time, and occasional flare-ups when the skin is worse.
Does nail psoriasis spread?
Psoriasis, however, does not spread through contact in the same way as a fungal infection. People with a fungal infection of the toenails may notice color changes between the toes, or other signs that the infection has spread to the skin between the toes.
Can lack of vitamin D cause psoriasis?
Vitamin D deficiencies have been linked to psoriasis. While a deficiency doesn’t seem to cause psoriasis outright, it may impair the body’s ability to keep the skin healthy. This may increase flares. When taken in healthy doses, vitamin D can help treat psoriasis.
How is nail psoriasis diagnosed?
In most cases, nail psoriasis is diagnosed on clinical grounds. Skin lesions elsewhere with one or several psoriatic nail features suggest the correct diagnosis. With a good biopsy, histopathology is usually pathognomonic and helps to delineate nail psoriasis from other conditions, particularly onychomycosis.
Can nail psoriasis cause pain?
Nail psoriasis normally affects several digits (fingers and toes) and is more common on the fingernails than the toenails. Pain and tenderness from nail psoriasis can impact daily activities. Nail psoriasis may be an indicator of psoriatic arthritis (PsA), as many people have both.
Can you use nail polish with nail psoriasis?
Nail polish and gentle nail buffing are okay and a great way to hide dents (nail pitting) that can develop when you have nail psoriasis. Artificial nails, however, can increase the risk of your nails separating from your fingers—a common problem in nail psoriasis.
How common is nail psoriasis?
Nail psoriasis is a common condition seen in about 10-78% of patients with psoriasis vulgaris and 70-80% of patients with psoriatic arthritis. 5-10% cases have isolated nail involvement.
What are the main causes of psoriasis?
Common psoriasis triggers include:
- Infections, such as strep throat or skin infections.
- Weather, especially cold, dry conditions.
- Injury to the skin, such as a cut or scrape, a bug bite, or a severe sunburn.
- Smoking and exposure to secondhand smoke.
- Heavy alcohol consumption.